Installing latest LXD version using Snap
By default Ubuntu 16.04 ships with LXD 2.x. If we want to utilize clustering, it means that we have to install LXD 3.0. The easiest way of doing this is using snap:
sudo snap install lxd --channel=3.0/stable sudo lxd.migrate Do you want to uninstall the old LXD (yes/no) [default=no]? yes
Log out then log back in, after that do
sudo lxd init and answer the questions.
We can also create a configuration file then initialize lxd with it using this command:
cat /etc/default/lxd_preseed.yml | sudo lxd init --preseed
If we want to upgrade, we can track another channel and do a refresh by doing this command:
sudo snap switch lxd --channel=<channel> sudo snap refresh
We can use
snap info lxd command to see the list of all possible channels.
NOTE: Once upgraded, it cannot be downgraded anymore. It may break installed LXD.
Container Special Requirements
Allow containers to consume more memory map areas
sudo sysctl -w vm.max_map_count=262144
To make it persist you can also do:
# Ensure this line exist at the bottom of /etc/sysctl.conf ... vm.max_map_count=262144
Reboot. To verify after rebooting, type
Allow containers to lock unlimited memory
# Ensure this line exist in '/etc/systemd/system/snap.lxd.daemon.service' [Service] ... LimitMEMLOCK=infinity
sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl restart snap.lxd.daemon
LXD Verbose Mode
If we want to see every outputs that LXD made, we can startup in verbose mode. Do this:
Stop the daemon
systemctl stop snap.lxd.daemon # or force stop sudo service snap.lxd.daemon force-stop # or kill it as necessary
Start the daemon in verbose mode
LXD_DIR=/var/snap/lxd/common/lxd LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/snap/lxd/current/lib/ /snap/lxd/current/bin/lxd --verbose --debug
Monitor LXC While Running
lxc monitor --pretty --type logging
LXD uses special, distributed version of sqlite called dqlite. LXD has local and global database running on clustering mode.
We can do a manual query to this database on special circumstances. Example:
echo "UPDATE config SET value='aa.bb.cc.dd:8443' WHERE key='core.https_address'" | sqlite3 /var/snap/lxd/common/lxd/database/local.db
See list of local volumes on an LXC host
sudo lxc storage show local --target <lxc-hostname>
Error: no “source” property found for the storage pool
If we encounter this error on LXD log, then we can check if
storage_pools_config exist properly on the database by typing this command:
lxd sql global "SELECT * FROM storage_pools_config;"
If it indeed missing, then we can add missing configuration manually:
lxd sql global "INSERT INTO storage_pools_config (storage_pool_id, node_id, key, value) VALUES (1, 3, 'source', 'local');" lxd sql global "INSERT INTO storage_pools_config (storage_pool_id, node_id, key, value) VALUES (1, 3, 'volatile.initial_source', '/dev/xvdf');" lxd sql global "INSERT INTO storage_pools_config (storage_pool_id, node_id, key, value) VALUES (1, 3, 'zfs.pool_name', 'local');"
See this issue for details.
LXD behavior on Host reboot
Yes, on shutdown of the host all containers are sent a shutdown signal to which they have 30s to respond by doing a clean shutdown of the container. After that, if the container is still running, it’ll be killed by LXD.
On startup, all containers which were running at the time the system was shut down will be started back up.
Fan network is managed by lxd directly, see here.
If we restart LXD, network will restarted.